By Veronica Barassi
With swift adjustments in net applied sciences and the restructuring of the web political economic system, one of the vital priorities of our instances is the research of how during which humans negotiate, criticise and withstand net advancements. This booklet attracts on comparative ethnographic study among 3 very diverse political teams within the united kingdom, Italy and Spain, exploring how activists think, comprehend and adventure internet applied sciences as instruments of political critique.
Combining key social theories (Critical Marxism, Actor-Network idea, fabric tradition conception etc.), with ethnographic observations, the booklet strongly criticises political fiscal and techno-deterministic methods. It argues that during realizing how new applied sciences are affecting political participation and democratic techniques, we must always no longer specialise in disruption and novelty, yet we must always in its place discover the advanced dialectics among transformation and continuity; among the technical and the social; among the political economic system of the net and its lived critique.
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Extra resources for Activism on the Web: Everyday Struggles Against Digital Capitalism
On the one hand, there were the autonomous worker groups such as Autonomia Operaia (AO) that sought to assert their grassroots independence from both the management of factories and the unions, which were linked to the Italian Communist Party (PCI). On the other hand, the movement owes its legacy to the feminist, student, and youth collectives that during those years were seeking to establish their autonomy from the Italian political and social context, which was defined by a system largely influenced not only by capitalist exploitation but also by blatant patriarchal costumes, and the legacy of fascism.
In Milan, which is the focus of my research, social centers such as the Leoncavallo, Pergola, Conchetta, Torkiera, Bulk, Panetteria Okkupata, and Orso, just to mention a few, have defined the history of the militant left from the 1980s throughout the 1990s and the early 2000s. ’ The demonstrations were organized with the support of other social centers on national territory – especially the ones of Padoa and the Northeastern region, as well as the CortoCircuito in Rome – and the network between the different social centers gave rise to the famous ‘Tute Bianche’ movement (White Overalls).
Looking at this tension is of central importance to social analysis. This is because it sheds some light on social movements’ internal, innovative, and creative struggle to find new possibilities to bring about social change. In the next parts of the chapter I will explore the historical development and changing political repertoires of the three organizations studied. I will try to provide an analysis of the social movements in which they are embedded and will map the political projects and beliefs that define their political cultures.