By Ian M. Head, Neil D. Gray, Richard Howarth (auth.), Bernhard Schink (eds.)
Volume sixteen of Advances in Microbial Ecology has a tough heritage. approximately midway via its of completion, Gwynfryn Jones needed to renounce as dealing with edi tor for healthiness purposes, and he requested me to take over. i need to thank Gwyn for his committed paintings during this book sequence, and need him the entire top for the long run. After the switch in editorship, a few authors needed to be inspired on relatively brief realize to supply their chapters so as to make visual appeal of this quantity attainable inside an inexpensive time period. still, i believe that the articles we current with this quantity characterize an stress-free selection of updated con tributions to microbial ecology. In my very own knowing, microbial ecology com prises the elucidation of microbial actions in common or semi usual environ ments, together with body structure, biochemistry, inhabitants dynamics, and interactions with all of the biotic and abiotic environmental stipulations microbes come upon. This contains stories on unmarried organisms in outlined cultures in an ecological in step with spective, the research of microbial actions in complicated environments, in addition to the advance of thoughts for the interactions of microorganisms with the area during which they dwell. final yet no longer least, microbial ecology isn't an unique technological know-how studied completely in overseas untouched by way of human beings.
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1996). , 1996). , 1997), with the majority of cells located in regions where both oxygen and nitrate are absent. This suggests either that in these regions A oxaliferum is capable of using electron acceptors other than 27 Achromatium oxaliferum Proportion of total % 020406002040600204060 o 0-4 5-8 ~ 9-12 ~ 13-16 : ; 17-20 g. 21-24 CI 25-28 29-32 33-36 37-40 '--_ _ _---' Freshly sampled core Darkened core Re-illuminated core Figure 15. Depth profile of A. oxaliferum populations (Grey columns) in sediment cores under different illumination conditions.
1997). , 1997). Although typically A. , Babenzien, 1991). It has been noted, however, that A. oxaliferum appears to be most abundant where free sulfide is maintained at low levels (La Riviere and Schmidt, 1992). This is supported by direct measurements of dissolved sulfide in A. , 1997) or present at low micromolar levels (Babenzien and Sass" 1996). However, even in the latter case the majority of A. oxaliferum cells occurred where no dissolved sulfide could be detected. It is possible to maintain low levels of sulfide even in environments where sulfate reduction rates can be relatively high.
63:36623668. Nimer, N. A, and Merrett, M. , 1993, Calcification rate in Emiliania huxleyi Lohmann in response to light, nitrate and inorganic carbon availability, New Phytol. 123:673-677. Ouverney, C. C. , 1999, Combined microautoradiography-16S rRNA probe technique for determination of radioisotope uptake by specific microbial cell types in situ. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:1746-1752. ) 3: 1-82. Rivadeneyra, M. , del Moral, A, Ferrer, M. , 1994, Precipitation of calcium carbonate by Vibrio spp.