By Richard Stoneman
Offers an advent to the heritage of Alexander and the most subject matters of his reign. in addition to tackling difficulties of interpretation, the textual content contains: an exam of the written and different resources, and the issues of operating with them; dialogue of archaeological and numismatic facts; an summary of the Macedonian heritage; perception into Alexander's schooling and concepts; an exploration of Alexander's declare to divinity; evaluation of Alexander's brief and long term achievements; and a examine of his impression in antiquity.
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Extra info for Alexander the Great (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History)
Arr. Anab. 2) He goes on to mention the expansion of trade, the security of mining, and Philip’s conquests in Greece. It has often been considered that Alexander – if the detail of the speech is authentic – overstates the case. There were cities in Macedon before Philip, and there was culture, too, as we shall see. But these sentences reflect the perception of the Greeks further south, that the Macedonians were a rustic, backward – even ‘barbarian’ – people. The charge of ‘barbarism’ requires explanation.
82 cf. 15). Was it Alexander, or is it our source, Plutarch (Alex. 20), or his source, Cleitarchus, who is quoting the earlier author? Darius’ women were treated with the utmost chivalry, and continued to receive the allowances and attention they had when Darius was their master. They were valuable hostages, to be sure; but it seems, too, that Alexander had no interest in inflicting pain and humiliation for the sake of it. As would emerge later, Darius was for him a political and military opponent, but not for that reason a personal enemy to be degraded.
In the 540s Cyrus gained control of Asia Minor including the kingdom of Lydia and the Greek cities of the Aegean coast (Ionia). In 529, Cyrus was succeeded by his son Cambyses, who brought Egypt under Persian rule. The long reign of Cambyses’ successor Darius (521–486) was interrupted by an unsuccessful revolt of the Ionian Greeks in 499. The involvement of Athens and Eretria in this revolt prompted a campaign against Greece in which the Persians were decisively defeated by the combined forces of the Greeks at the battle of Marathon (September 490).