Download Austronesian Root Theory: An Essay on the Limits of by Robert A. Blust PDF

By Robert A. Blust

ISBN-10: 902723020X

ISBN-13: 9789027230201

Because the pioneering analyses of Renward Brandstetter (1860–1942) a quasi-morphological aspect referred to as the ‘root’ has been well-known in Austronesian linguistics. This monograph confronts a few of the methodological and substantial concerns raised yet by no means totally resolved via Brandstetter. in order to reconsider the price of his paintings for modern linguistics the writer examines Brandstetter’s equipment and effects, and applies a changed from of this method of new fabric. The research establishes 230 roots in response to greater than 2,560 root tokens in a few 117 languages. it truly is therefore meant to function a rudimentary root dictionary and a easy instruction manual near to the basis for destiny students of Austronesian.

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Additional info for Austronesian Root Theory: An Essay on the Limits of Morphology

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PWMP *kulinTaŋ "gamelan", PAN *balalaTuk "woodpecker"). (C)V- formatives may be followed by a nasal homorganic with the first root consonant or, rarely, by *R: 35 AUSTRONESIAN ROOT THEORY REVISITED TABLE 5 Formatives in widely-attested cognate sets that contain an established root. a: ba: ca: Ca: da: Da: ga: ha: ka: la: ma: na: Na: ña: ŋa: pa: qa: ra: Ra: sa: Sa: ta: Ta: wa: za: Za: 18 12 5 0 8 3 6 0 12 13 2 1 1 1 0 12 4 7 8 14 8 21 0 0 0 0 156 e: be: ce: Ce: de: De: ge: he: ke: le: me: ne: Ne: ne: ŋe: pe: qe: re: Re: se: Se: te: Te: we: ze: Ze: 13 29 5 2 16 5 8 0 23 27 0 0 0 0 0 13 7 16 5 16 3 17 0 0 2 0 207 i: bi: ci: Ci: di: Di: gihi: ki: li: mi: ni: Ni: ni: ŋi: pi: qi: ri: Ri: si: Si: ti: Ti: wi: zi: Zi: 14 9 6 0 2 3 4 0 9 14 0 3 1 0 0 12 9 9 1 25 4 20 0 0 0 1 146 u: bu: cu: Cu: du: Du: gu: hu: ku: lu: mu: nu: Nu: ñu: ŋu: pu: qu: ru: Ru: su: Su: tu: Tu: zu: Zu: 0 39 R 96 Other 10 39 96 10 10 11 4 1 3 3 2 0 7 8 1 1 0 0 0 7 2 10 4 10 4 11 0 3 0 102 Total 145 55 61 20 3 29 14 20 0 51 62 3 5 2 1 0 44 22 42 18 65 19 69 0 0 5 1 756 One fact about Table 5 will be apparent immediately.

At elbow" ( < * k u ? / k u h / k u S ) , Balinese p é ŋ k o h "curve in­ wards, bent inwards, as a foot" ( < * k u q ) ; Tagalog lupi? "fold, plait" ( < * p i / p i ? / p i q ) , t u p í ? "fold, plait" ( < * p i / p i q / p i ? ) , T B L lәmfi? ), W B M l u m p i "fold up something" ( < * p i / p i h ) , Balinese t a m p i h "fold, fold up, put in layers" ( < * p i q ) , and t h e mutually contra­ dictory M a r a n a o examples b o r e ŋ k o ? "bent, crooked; bend", l a t k o ? "bend" and t a l i p k o "bend, curve, crooked" in Appendix 2).

Reflexes of each typically may b e affixed to form active verbs, and in this sense they are like any other disyllabic word-base. P M P *Tik "sound of a click or tick" and P M P *Tuk "sound of knocking, pounding or beating", on t h e other hand, are onomatopes. Unlike their reduplicated counterparts or other longer morphemes t h a t contain them, reflexes of these forms typically may not b e affixed. In this sense, as in their atypical canonical form, they are more like particles t h a n like word-bases.

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