By Raúl Homero Villa
Struggles over area and resistance to geographic displacement gave upward push to a lot of Chicano historical past and tradition. during this pathfinding ebook, Ra?l Villa explores how California Chicano/a writers, newshounds, artists, activists, and musicians have used expressive tradition to oppose the community-destroying forces of city renewal courses and big highway improvement and to create and shield a feeling of Chicano place-identity. Villa opens with a old evaluate that exhibits how Chicano groups and tradition have constructed in keeping with conflicts over area ever because the usa' annexation of Mexican territory within the 1840s. Then, turning to the paintings of latest participants of the Chicano intelligentsia akin to poet Lorna Dee Cervantes, novelist Ron Arias, and the paintings collective RCAF (Rebel Chicano artwork Front), Villa demonstrates how their expressive practices re-imagine and re-create the dominant city area as a neighborhood permitting position. In doing so, he illuminates the never-ending interaction during which cultural texts and practices are formed via and act upon their social and political contexts.
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Additional info for Barrio-Logos: Space and Place in Urban Chicano Literature and Culture (CMAS History, Culture, and Society Series)
1995 : 296 –297) She then goes on to conjoin the ideological text-practices of the critical, but essentially private, voices of the testimonios (mostly sequestered in the archives of Hubert Howe Bancroft) to the social effects produced by the more public text-practices of the early Spanish-language press, drawing usefully on Benedict Anderson’s discussion of how discursively ‘‘imagined communities’’ inﬂuence the formation of nationalist consciousness: The articulation of ethnicity with language in the construction of an ‘‘imagined community’’ of ‘‘la raza’’ is further enabled by the publication of several Spanish-language newspapers from the 1850s to the 1870s in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Santa Barbara.
Vigilante violence and para–state ‘‘policing’’ was purposefully employed to economically and spatially displace the native mexicano population (1983 : 96 – 108), this violent period did conveniently precede the ﬁrst concerted efforts of urban development to transform Los Angeles in anticipation of the coming landscape of Anglo-capitalist dominance. THE L ANDSCAPE EFFECT OF ANGLO URBAN LOS ANGELES The symbolic force of the changing urban physiognomy in early Anglo Los Angeles is well stated in Robert Fogelson’s study of the period: ‘‘Indeed, nowhere in southern California was the new order and new destiny promised by the conquerors in the 1840s more evident than in the emergence of Los Angeles as an [Anglo-] American town by the 1880s’’ (1993 : 23; see Fig.
Its ﬁrst major expression, though, took place in northern California. There, the demographic minoritization and general subordination of mexicanos (and other non-Anglo ‘‘foreigners’’ such as the Chinese, Basques, and Chileans) began almost immediately, with the massive inﬂux of Anglo-American miners, claim jumpers, and other opportunists drawn to the gold rush in 1849 (Barrera 1979 : 20). This original restructuring of the ethnic-cultural balance of population was not simply produced by the sheer quantity of the Anglo-American arrivals.